Vestibular Ocular Reflex (VOR) Exercise/ Gaze Stabilisation Exercise
A simple exercise can allow the eye, inner ear and brain to recalibrate after damage to the inner ear. To do this exercise you will need to sit facing a blank wall and hold out your thumb straight in front of you (figure 1). Alternatively you can put a post-it type sticker on a wall 3 feet or 1 metre away marked with a “X”. At all times during this exercise keep your eyes fixed on your thumb or the “X” you have placed on a wall. Turn your head a little to the right (figure 2) and then to the left (figure 4). Rhythmically alternate turning ahead from the left to right and back again. The turn from left to right should take approximately 1 second. Turning your head from left to right should be smooth. The aim of the exercise is to turn your head but to keep your eyes fixed on one spot i.e. your thumb or X on the wall. Do the exercise for approximately 1 to 2 minutes. Carry out this exercise 3 to 4 times a day for one to two weeks. In most cases you will notice a benefit within one week. It is possible for the dizziness to return and you may need to repeat the exercise. You may feel nauseous or even dizzier immediately after doing this exercise. This does not mean you are doing the exercises incorrectly. Do not give up. The nausea is the body’s reaction to the malfunctioning inner ear. The brain will try and adapt, helping the recovery. If you feel ill/unwell for more than 30 minutes after the exercise you should slow down the speed of the head movements and/or the amount you turn your head. If you do not feel dizzy after the exercise then you need to do these more quickly or progress to other ways of doling the exercise as below.
If you have a stiff neck you may need to move you head and shoulder together. In this case it is easier to place a post-it with an X on it on a wall rather than using you thumb.
Progress to more difficult exercises once you have managed the exercise above (you do not need to be able to do all of these):
- If you have managed to do the exercise easily without any major dizziness, move your head more quickly
- If you have managed to do the exercise easily while sitting, do the exercise while standing.
- Do the exercise while walking.
- Instead of a blank wall place you X or thumb against a busy background.
- While turning your head to the left move your thumb slightly to the right and vice versa. Do this initially sitting then progress to standing or walking (with or without a busy visual background). If you can do all of these you have done very well as most people with normal inner ear will struggle with these!
- Instead of moving your head from side to side, move you head up and down (nodding).
If you are able to do all the above you are doing very well!
Figure 1 VOR Exercise. Keep you eyes fixed on your thumb or on a X on the wall while moving your head from side to side
VOR Exercise / Gaze Stabilisation Exercise
Other exercises useful for balance training are described below.
Cooksey-Cawthorne Exercises (with some modifications)
Initially try exercise 1 for 1-2 minutes. If you have no problems with this move to exercise 2. Again try this for 1-2 minutes. Progress through the exercises. If you have any difficulties with any of the exercises stay on the exercise you can manage. As you condition improves over days or weeks you can move to the more difficult exercises (3 and 4). If you can manage the simpler exercises easily you may wish to miss these and do the more complex exercises. If you have certain physical problems e.g. back problems or joint problems certain exercise may be impossible for you. Simply do the exercises you can manage. In some exercises you may need help from someone else.
Repeat the exercise 2-3 times a day. You would expect an improvement with 2 weeks.
- In bed or sitting
- Eye movements — at first slow, then quick
- up and down
- from side to side
- focusing on finger moving from 3 feet (1 metre) to 1 foot (30 centimetres) away from face
- Head movements at first slow, then quick, later with eyes closed
- bending forward and backward
- turning from side to side
- turning head up and down (as in nodding)
- Eye movements — at first slow, then quick
- Eye movements and head movements as above
- Shoulder shrugging and circling
- Bending forward and picking up objects from the ground
- Eye, head and shoulder movements as before
- Changing form sitting to standing position with eyes open and shut
- Throwing a small ball from hand to hand (above eye level)
- Throwing a ball from hand to hand under knee
- Changing from sitting to standing and turning around in between
- Moving about
- Circle around centre person who will throw a large ball and to whom it will be returned
- Walk across room with eyes open and then closed
- Walk up and down slope with eyes open and then closed
- Walk up and down steps with eyes open and then closed
- Any game involving stooping and stretching and aiming such as bowling and basketball